HIV/AIDS Update Through June 30, 2007 (Q2) and 2006 STD Surveillance Report
Slides presented November 13, 2007 reflect updated HIV/AIDS surveillance for Cleveland and additional maps illustrating the increase in reported Chlamydia and Gonorrhea infections for 2006 in Cuyahoga County and Inner/Outer Ring zip codes.
HIVAIDS Updated Surveillance for Q2 2007
In a report titled 'Interim 2007 HIV/AIDS and 2006 STD and Surveillance for Cleveland & Cuyahoga County - Sexually Transmitted Diseases: 2006 and preliminary HIV/AIDS: Q2 2007,' the Cleveland Department of Public Health reports that there are already 67 residents in Cleveland that were newly diagnosed with HIV or AIDS between January 1, 2007 through June 30, 2007. Fifty-two persons were diagnosed as HIV-positive (non-AIDS). Fifteen of these 67 residents were diagnosed with AIDS at the time of the initial HIV test or within 12 months of the HIV diagnosis. This is the lowest number of 'doorstep' incident AIDS cases for a six month peroid in the past decade.
Three of the 67 residents were teens age 13-19 at the time of diagnosis. This is of great concern since transmission of HIV is preventable. In addition, Chlamydia and gonorrhea rates are highest among teens in Cleveland and Cuyahoga County. The risk of extending HIV in the teen population is real and must be confronted.
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Rates Increase Across County Municipalities by 23.6% and 33.8%
The rate of reported Chlamydia infections among Cuyahoga County residents increased 6.8% in 2006 from 2005 levels.
This increase was driven by a 23.6% increase in reported Chlamydia infection rates in zip codes outside of Cleveland, reflecting an increase in cases in inner and outer ring municipalities. Forty percent of Chlamydia infections reported for Cuyahoga County are among teens 13-19 years of age.
An increase in gonorrhea infections reported to local and state health officials resulted in a 12.0% increase in incident rates for Cuyahoga County. Rates for Cleveland increased 8.5% while rates for zip codes in the Inner and Outer ring muncipalities increased by a remarkable 33.8%. Twenty-eight of Chlamydia infections reported for Cuyahoga County are among teens 13-19 years of age, but over two-thirds of all gonorrhea cases are reported among residents age 13-29.
Cleveland was recently ranked as second in the nation among 43 major cities for gonorrhea incidence rates for 2005. Cleveland was ranked seventh in the nation for Chlamydia incidence rates. See the NACCHO report and the ClevelandHealth.info news story here.
These slides were presented to the AIDS Funding Collaborative and Families & Children First Council of Cuyahoga County on November 13, 2007 by David Bruckman of the Cleveland Department of Public Health.
Access to STD data was provided by the STD Prevention Program of the Ohio Department of Health, in cooperation with the Cuyahoga County Board of Health.
You can access the slide presentation or the Adobe .pdf version of the slides by clicking the appropriate underlined link:
Tables displaying the case counts, incidence rates and percent change in incidence rates for chlamydia and gonorrhea are available here:
Keywords: County, HIV/AIDS, Maps, Municipal, STD, Safe Sex, Statistics, Teens