New cases of HIV/AIDS increased 57% among Cuyahoga County youth
A summary report of STD and HIV/AIDS surveillance of Cuyahoga County youth age 15 to 24 years provides information on Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV/AIDS diagnoses recently made in the County (STD 2006, HIV/AIDS 2006-2007).
A report by the Cleveland Department of Public Health provides citizens with information of HIV/AIDS diagnoses, Chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis rates by zip code. Maps make interpreting data easily and with clarity. The report can be accessed at this link (Adobe .pdf file).
HIV/AIDS incidence among youth in Cuyahoga County increased 57% to 80 cases reported in 2006-2007 compared to 2004-2005. On average, Four youth males are diagnosed with HIV to every one youth female. Youth represent about 30% of all incident diagnoses annually
HIV and AIDS incident cases are those newly diagnosed and reported to local and state public health officials. AIDS incident cases are those that were never previously diagnosed with HIV or those with a recent HIV diagnosis in the last 12 months. These persons are at very high risk to the public to transmit the HIV virus to others.
Prompt reporting is mandated by Ohio state law.
Youth age 15 to 24 when diagnosed are the largest age group at risk for Chlamydia and gonorrhea. 2006 data from the Ohio Department of Health reveal that over 73% of Chlamydia infections and 58% of gonorrhea infections reported in 2006 were among youth. Rates are highest among African Americans.
Maps shown in the report reveal areas in the county with the highest rates. These extend from Downtown Cleveland to Euclid and East Cleveland, and south to area code 44128 (parts of Lee-Miles neighborhood, Warrensville Heights and North Randall.)
This report was made possible with the cooperation of the Cuyahoga County Board of Health and the Ohio Department of Health.
Keywords: County, Disparity, HIV/AIDS, Maps, Municipal, STD, Safe Sex, Statistics, Teens