HIV and AIDS are two terms that usually come together in a sentence. Though these two words are actually different in their own terms, they should not be separated. So, what are AIDS? The word AIDS refers to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, and this kind of deficiency syndrome is caused by the virus called as HIV or Human Immuno-deficiency Virus. This article will talk about what those words and what those terms really mean to give you a further information to the disease whose cure is still nowhere to be found, even with the most modern medical research and resource, just yet.
The virus that causes this syndrome: the HIV
As we have mentioned before in the previous part of this article, the HIV stands for Human Immuno-deficiency Virus. Based on the name given to this virus, this virus can only infect human. Therefore, the fear of HIV transmitted via mosquito or other kinds of blood-sucking creatures should not be feared as the virus can only live in a human host. In addition, this virus attacks the immune system of the host by creating a deficiency or a failure of the human body’s immune system to work. Thus, it is common to witness somebody with this virus having some severe immune to some disease, even the most common disease such as influenza.
As it is a virus, this virus is able to reproduce itself when given a good condition in the body of its host. Based on the research on this virus, the HIV virus can reproduce itself inside the body of a human being by taking over the working function of the human cell. In a cellular level, this virus is hard to be stopped.
AIDS, the disease that is caused by the Virus
Once the virus of HIV has taken over the control of human’s immune system, the virus creates a condition in which attacks the whole body and this is what we usually called as AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. So, what are AIDS? AIDS is a condition that one has to acquire through an infection of the HIV virus. Therefore, it is not something that is transmitted through the genes.
This condition will be seen in the immune system of the infected victim. The immune system is the part of human body that often works to fight off some germs such as bacteria and even viruses. With this system being attacked, people who got infected with AIDS will be very vulnerable to diseases caused by viruses and bacteria.
How HIV/AIDS are transmitted
As mentioned before, it is not transferred through genes, rather, it is transmitted to body fluid contact such as blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. Therefore, it is advisable to always wear protective condom when having sex in order to avoid being transmitted of HIV/AIDS from the sex partners. In addition, babies with HIV/AIDS positive parents should be given breast milk of others who are free from the virus.