What is The Difference Between HIV and AIDS: Symptoms, Dissemination, Treatment, and Prevention

What is The Difference Between HIV and AIDSWhat is the difference between HIV and AIDS is associated. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It attacks the human immune system. This virus can decrease the body’s ability to fight disease and infection. Here are some ways of HIV transmission:

  • Having sex without using a condom.
  • Using a syringe used by people suffering from HIV. It is common in drug users.
  • Pregnant women with HIV can transmit HIV to the fetus.
  • A blood transfusion contaminated by HIV.

There is no cure for HIV. Treatment which serves to slow the progression of the disease. This treatment can make people with HIV can live longer like a normal human being. If people with HIV can be diagnosed early and get proper treatment, the person with HIV will develop AIDS. AIDS is the late stage of HIV-infected people. In this condition, the body is unable to fight infection.

The Spread of HIV

HIV is a fragile virus because the virus cannot survive long when it is outside the human body. HIV can be found in body fluids infected by HIV. The liquid is vaginal fluid, anal fluid, breast milk, blood and semen. HIV cannot be transmitted through urine and sweat. Factors that cause HIV grouped into two HIV transmission caused by unsafe sex and sharing needles are used interchangeably when using drugs. Here are some other factors that cause HIV infection:

  • HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy, lactation and childbirth.
  • HIV transmission through oral sex.
  • Through blood transfusions from infected people.
  • Using syringes or other paraphernalia such as cotton that has been contaminated by people with HIV.

HIV Infection Test

If you think you are infected with HIV, then you can do an HIV test. You can visit the health clinic for an HIV test. The test will produce a diagnosis of HIV. The test is called by VCT (Voluntary Counseling and Testing). These tests are confidential. Before performing a test you should follow counseling. This counseling can determine the level of risk of HIV infection and patterns of everyday life. After these stages, your HIV test results will be discussed. The HIV test is a blood test to find antibodies to HIV in the blood sample. Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system to attack specific bacteria or germs. If the HIV test result is positive, then you would be well advised to go to a specialist hospital with HIV. Additional blood tests will be required. This test can show the resulting impact of HIV on the immune system of your body. You can also consult with a physician to perform precise handling.

Treatment Step for HIV Patients

HIV do not have a drug that can eliminate HIV completely. But there are treatments that can slow the spread of the disease. This treatment can make people with HIV have a longer life. A healthy lifestyle can also extend the life of people with HIV. There are drugs called antiretroviral or ARVs. This drug works to inhibit the virus that damages the immune system. These drugs are available in tablet form that should be consumed every day. You also need to lead a healthy lifestyle. You cannot smoke, you should eat healthy, you should get a pneumococcal vaccine every five years, and do not smoke. All of these measures are used to avoid a dangerous disease. If patients do not take medication, then the person’s immune system will decrease. They can also suffer from dangerous diseases such as cancer. This is called end-stage HIV or AIDS.

HIV Prevention

This disease can be prevented. Prevention can be done is to have safe sex and do not use needles alternately. Everyone who often have sex without using a condom and sharing needles can be infected with HIV. Infection of this disease will appear in three stages. The first stage is sero conversion, the second stage is when the symptoms do not appear, and the third phase is already transformed HIV into AIDS.

The first stage

People suffering from HIV will experience pain similar to flu. After this stage, HIV does not cause symptoms. Symptoms are similar to flu will appear in a few weeks after a person is infected with HIV. HIV will not cause symptoms for several years. This is called sero conversion. The following are symptoms that can occur in people with HIV:

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Swelling of the lymph stains
  • A rash on the body and cause itching
  • Diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle ache
  • Pain in the joints

These symptoms will last for one month. This is a sign that the immune system will fight the virus. But these symptoms can also be caused by other diseases. This condition is not only caused by HIV infection. If you feel exposed to HIV, and there are signs above, then you can do an HIV test.

Second Stage

When the initial symptoms had not appeared then HIV would not produce symptoms for many years. This is a condition when the ongoing HIV infection without symptoms. The virus will damage the immune system and spreads. At that stage, your body will feel healthy and do not experience any problems. Some people may already be aware of getting HIV, but this person can transmit HIV to others. This stage lasts for 10 years and even longer than 10 years.

Third Stage

If you do not take medication, then HIV will make the body’s ability to fight off HIV infection weakened. Under these conditions, you will be exposed to more serious disease. The third phase is the last stage known as AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Here are the signs that appear in the last stage:

  • A fever that lasts for 10 days.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the groin and neck.
  • Sweating at night.
  • Each time feel tired.
  • Weight down without cause.
  • Hard to breathe.
  • Agency will be susceptible to bruising and bleeding.
  • Persistent diarrhea.
  • Purple spots appear and disappear in the skin.
  • Fungal infections of the vagina, mouth, and throat.

A deadly disease can strike at this stage. Diseases that can attack are pneumonia, tuberculosis, and cancer. Handling committed from the beginning can prevent progression of the disease becomes more severe. If a person has HIV, then treatment emotion immediately, so that does not become AIDS. Hopefully this article can give you information about what is the difference between HIV and AIDS.

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