As a deadly disease, prostate cancer brings a great deal of depression in someone’s life. During early stage, prostate cancer often appears no significant signs and symptoms. It is because the cancer hasn’t spread severely within the patient’s body. Therefore, it is very important to diagnose the cancer when it is still in the early stage. Doctors can find out the existence of the disease through screenings. This is also the way of knowing the stage of the cancer. Men who suffer from stage 4 prostate cancer have small chance to live longer, even when they follow good treatments and mediations. Below is the explanation about stage 4 prostate cancer.
Definition of Stage 4 Prostate Cancer
In this particular stage, the cancer has spread and grown into nearby organs and other areas of the body such as rectum, nearby lymph nodes, and bones. It is very uncommon that men are diagnosed during this particular stage. Fortunately, most prostate cancer cases are diagnosed during earlier stages, when the cancer hasn’t severely damaged other organs or lymph nodes.
In most cases, prostate cancer in this particular stage cannot be cured. The treatments and medications can help slow the development of cells and shrink the size of the cancer. By following proper treatments and taking medications, the patients can live longer than it is expected and reduce the signs of the cancer itself, such as reducing urinating problems and pain in the area of hips.
Treatments for Stage 4 Prostate Cancer
Stage 4 is also known as D2 prostate cancer and metastatic stage. The damages caused by the cancer can be treated, but not curable. Standard treatments for this particular stage include hormone therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and treatments for bone complications. The treatments can be done for a period of time in several years.
Hormone therapy is believed to remove the hormone that can support the growth of prostate cancer cells. Chemotherapy is the same as hormone therapy that includes injecting the cancer-fighting drugs into the blood. By doing this, the cancer that spread into parts of the body can be killed by decreasing the number of the cancer cells itself. Immunotherapy is also known as biological therapy which functions the body’s natural immune system to kill the cancers. There are few types of biological therapy; interferon, monoclonal antibodies, interleukin, vaccines, and cytokines.
When the cancer has spread and damaged bones, it is necessary to get bone complications treatments. The bone metastases can cause pain, even life-threatening situation. It happens because of the increased of calcium in blood or the so-called hypercalcemia. Drug therapy and radiation therapy can be done in order to decrease the pain. Drugs such as zoledronic acid, xofigo, and denosumab are often used for bone complications treatments. The drug therapy is followed by radiation therapy which can relieve the pain from bone metastases. When prostate cancer has affected rectum or lymph nodes, it is necessary to combine the hormone therapy and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). It can increase the possibilities for the patients to live longer even after 5 years of being diagnosed.Tags: Definition, Facts, Stage, Treatments