General Skin Cancer and Melanoma Skin Cancer Causes

Just as a healthy body inside, the healthy body outside, such as skin health, remains should you keep. Most people, especially women, tend to be too focused on skin care, not health skin. In fact, if the health of the skin is not maintained, then this would risk causing illness, ranging from mild to severe, such as skin cancer. You need to know that cancer occurs when some cells multiply abnormally. When cancer affects solid organ and tissue cells, then this could lead to the growth of so-called tumor. Not known with certainty why the cells can multiply abnormally. Skin cancer can grow and spread quickly if it left unchecked and untreated. The deployment typically occurs via the lymphatic system. If the cancer reaches the lymphatic system, the cancer can spread throughout the body including bone, blood, and other organs. The lymphatic system is a series of lymph nodes scattered throughout the body and are related to each other as the circulatory system. Lymph nodes produce more cells that are needed by the immune system. And then, actually, what the causes of skin cancer? There are many things that can be a trigger of skin cancer. The following is a review of the skin cancer causes.

The first causes are due to family history. Cancer is one of hereditary diseases. Therefore, when your father, mother, or sibling had a history of skin cancer, then you can also have a risk of the disease. While in the more distant relatives, such as grandparents or cousins, and they are diagnosed with skin cancer, then you can also risk for skin cancer. However, the percentage is not as big as what happens to the biological family.

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The second causes are too often being outdoors. Too often outdoors it can be fatal, especially if you have sensitive skin. If your skin type is categorized sensitive to UV radiation, your skin then are more likely to burn and blister when exposed to sunlight exposure, especially if you spend a lot of open space without protective wear, such as sun block. This makes you at risk for skin cancer.

The next cause is due to lack of melanin. What is the melanin? Melanin is a pigment that is present in living beings. In humans, melanin has the role of providing color to the eyes, hair, and skin. In addition, melanin is also useful to protect the skin from UV exposure. Therefore, the lack of melanin will cause the skin to become white and looks pale, which in turn will increase the risk of skin cancer.

The other causes are due to the use of tanning beds. What is the tanning bed? The term tanning bed is very popular in the western countries, especially the United States. Tanning bed is a tool that serves to help the skin to brown, and the process is much like someone who basks on the beach, under the heat of the sun. However, you should know that this tool could increase a person’s risk of developing melanoma, skin cancer that is fairly deadly. People who frequently use tanning beds are 74 percent more likely to develop melanoma than those who never used it.

Melanoma Skin Cancer

Considering that melanoma has the highest risk, the writer will discuss more about melanoma skin cancer. Melanoma skin cancer is a type of cancer that is a rare but serious, that starts from human skin and can spread to other organs in the body. The emergence of new moles or changes in existing moles are usually a general sign or symptoms of melanoma. This can occur throughout the body, but some parts of the body that are often affected its appearance are face, hands, back, and legs. Melanomas have irregular shapes and more than one color. Mole which develop melanoma mole may itch and may bleed. In addition, its size can exceed normal moles. Actually, what the causes of melanoma skin cancer? Here is melanoma skin cancer causes.

Melanoma Skin Cancer Causes

There are several factors that can increase the likelihood of contracting melanoma, among which are the first, having many moles or freckles, secondly, has pale skin that is flammable, third, have a family member who had suffered from melanoma, and the fourth, having red hair or blonde. When melanomas develop? It is when cells in the skin start to develop abnormally, then melanomas begin to develop. It is not certain why this happens. Most people assume that the cause of melanoma due to skin exposure to ultraviolet (UV), both natural and artificial.

In most cases, melanoma is thought to be caused by sun exposure indeed. However, you should be aware that not all melanomas associated with ultraviolet light exposure. It still can appear on the skin area that is rarely exposed to sunlight. Well, sunlight does contain ultraviolet that can affect the skin. There are two main types of ultraviolet rays, the ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB). If prolonged exposure to UVA and UVB, the skin will be damaged and make it more susceptible to skin cancer, including melanoma.

Increased Risk of Melanoma Skin Cancer

What are the factors that can increase the risk of melanoma? Have many moles and freckles will be at risk for melanoma. In addition, pale skin flammable and difficult to skin turned black also trigger outbreaks of melanoma. Age is also a factor that increases the risk of melanoma. If you have a condition that lowers the body’s immune system, such as HIV, then you are more at risk for melanoma. Then, as mentioned previously, cancer is a hereditary disease. Therefore, if there is a family member who suffered from melanoma, then you are also at risk for melanoma cancer. Another factor is the sun. Sun exposure does help the skin to make vitamin D naturally. However, if it has been talked about skin cancer, the best prevention is to avoid the skin from exposure to direct sunlight.

Prevention Steps of Exposure to Sunlight

First, avoid the sun when at the peak of the hottest. At 11 am to 13 pm, the sun will be at the top of the hottest. But at different times, the sun can still be very hot and have a damaging effect. In the hours, try to remain in the shade and cover yourself with the right clothes.

Second, use a sunscreen. It is advisable to wear a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15. Make sure the sunscreen is suitable for your skin type and can block ultraviolet radiation A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB). In order to avoid exposure to direct sunlight, which is skin cancer causes, the use of sunscreen is recommended 15 minutes before you are exposed to sunlight and applied again every two hours. If you want to spend time in the water, use sunscreen that is waterproof and reapply regularly.