Blood sugar or blood glucose inside our body have certain standard level which can tell the condition of our health. What if the level gets too high? The condition of high blood sugar levels are well known as hyperglycemia. It happens when our body doesn’t have adequate amount of insulin or when our body can no longer use insulin appropriately.
If you check your sugar level in the morning or after 8 hours without eating, you need to know that the normal level is less than 100 mg/dL. Moreover, the normal level is less than 140 mg/dL if you check yourself 2 hours after eating. Here are some sheer facts about high blood sugar levels that might make you aware of the disease.
Causes and Symptoms of High Blood Sugar Levels
There are two types of hyperglycemia; type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 hyperglycemia is caused of low amount of insulin within the body, while type 2 hyperglycemia occurs because the body loses its ability to use the insulin. The disease can develop if someone do not really do physical exercise and eat regularly. Having depression can also cause hyperglycemia.
Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia can be noticed from the change of behavior such as excessive thirst and urinating more often. If you get yourself tested, you can find that the blood glucose within your body is high which means that the level of sugar in your urine is also high. Therefore, it is very important to regularly check the blood glucose if you experience the early signs.
Doctors will let you know if you are diagnosed with pre-hyperglycemia and you can get proper treatment before the disease gets worse.
Treatments and Consequences of Untreated High Blood Sugar Levels
The most effective way to avoid the complication level of hyperglycemia is by exercising regularly. However, it is important to check whether you have ketones within your blood glucose. Body will automatically produce ketones if the blood glucose is more than 240 mg/dL. If you have ketones, doing exercise can make the blood glucose level higher.
In this particular case, you can do another alternative by changing your diet. Medications and insulin can also help if the two ways are not effective. People who are diagnosed with pre-hyperglycemia should immediately take medications and have proper treatment.
If left untreated, the disease can develop to the complication levels or a condition known as ketoacidosis. It can happen when the body doesn’t have adequate amount of insulin. Without the substance, glucose can no longer use for energy.
As a result, the body will automatically burns fat for energy which can cause coma.This particular condition produced ketones too much. However, the body cannot take big amount of ketones and try to waste it through urine.
However, throwing away the unwanted substance cannot completely clear it from the body; making them clot in blood and cause ketoacidosis. This is the climax for hyperglycemia sufferers because it can cause death. The symptoms are dry mouth, vomiting, fruity smells of breath, and shortness of breath.Tags: Blood Sugar, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Type