What is AIDS Based on the Medical Explanation?

how do you get aidsWhen we talked about HIV/AIDS, it will relate with the immune system infected by HIV virus. People may confuse with what is aids and HIV. Are they similar or are they two different things? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus that can only infect human beings. This virus weakens patient’s immune systems by destroying crucial cells that fight disease and infection. When you have a deficient immune system, your body can’t protect you from disease or infection, including HIV. AIDS is derived from Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. As the term says, you don’t inherit this disease from your parents but you acquire AIDS after birth.

Read also : AIDS Definition is Different from HIV

Knowing More about AIDS

Let’s learn in detail about what is aids. The letter “A” (AIDS) for Acquired, as aforementioned, stands for AIDS that is acquired after birth and you don’t get it from your parents. The letter “I” stands for Immuno means the body’s immune system consists of the whole organs as well as cells that strive against any infections as well as diseases. The letter “D” stands for Deficiency that means patient will be infected by HIV when their immune system not in a good condition or isn’t working well. The letter “S” stands of Syndrome that means the group of symptoms and the group of signs from AIDS disease. It is actually a syndrome that consists of several diseases. The diseases consist of many symptoms and complications that vary in each individual.

Read also : Symptoms of AIDS Based on Its Stage

Then, when we talk about what is aids, it is actually the last phase concerning HIV infection. Not all people suffer from HIV reaches this final stage. Those who are in the last phase of HIV or suffer from AIDS, the condition of their immune system is seriously have damaged so the risk to get opportunistic infections (OIs) is very big. Those who own one or more specific Ols, the low number of CD4 cells, and certain type of cancers are assumed to have AIDS. If you reach the last phase of HIV which is AIDS getting the right medication and treatment is very crucial to live longer.

Physical Changes after Getting AIDS

When you suffer from AIDS, you will experience physical changes to your body although some changes may happen due to the side-effects of medical treatment for HIV. Other changes are caused by the impact that HIV has on your body. Talking medicines is one of several ways to prevent HIV to progress to AIDS. Medication consumption to get rid of HIV changes the way your body produces, uses and stores fat. The changes are known as lipodystrophy and they cause you to either gain or lose fat in certain parts of your body.

Those who gain weight after suffering from AIDS will get more fat in some parts of their body include abdomen, neck, breasts (for both men and women), face, and small deposits of fat known as lipomas elsewhere in your body. Those who lose fat can occur in your face, arms, legs and buttocks. Those changes will happen along with the changes in cholesterol, an increase in triglycerides, increases in blood sugar, and lowered sensitivity to insulin that lead to diabetes. So, make sure you are aware of changes happen to your body if you think you are infected by HIV.

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