What is HIV/AIDS?

What is HIV AIDS

Talking about AIDS/HIV, do you know exactly what is hiv? HIV is actually an abbreviation that stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. As a virus, HIV develops several symptoms like the common cold or flu attacking the sufferer for a few days. People infected by HIV will always be HIV positive and the virus will never go away from them. As the virus develops rapidly in the body, the HIV disease will infect and kill white blood cells known as CD4 lymphocytes or T cells. When the virus attacks the immune of the system or T cells the body unable to fight off for either any kind of infection or cancer.

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What is HIV? Is It the Same as AIDS?

When people discuss about what is hiv they might find is the same as AIDS. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is caused by HIV. Both terms can be confusing since they describe the same disease. In order not to confuse yourself, you can think of AIDS as advanced HIV disease. People suffering from AIDS will find their immune system weakened by HIV so they will sick for several days caused by one of some opportunistic infections or cancers like PCP (a type of pneumonia), KS (Kaposi sarcoma, a kind of cancer that attacks the skin and internal organs in HIV, wasting syndrome (weight loss), memory impairment, and even tuberculosis.

People who suffer from the aforementioned opportunistic infections although the CD4 count is above 200, they are said to suffer from AIDS. The HIV needs time to develop its virus and the time is various among individuals that usually between 2 to 10 years and could be more. Once a person is infected by HIV or diagnosed with AIDS, he/she will always be considered to have AIDS although if that person’s CD4 count goes up again or even he/she recover from the disease that is considered as AIDS symptoms. That what is hiv definition explained in the medical explanation.

How Do You Get and Avoid Getting HIV?

There are some body fluids that can be contaminated by HIV. They are blood including menstrual blood, semen and even pre-seminal fluid, vaginal secretions, and breast milk. There are two ways for HIV to be transmitted to the body: HIV must be present and HIV must get inside the body. Besides, there are sexual behaviors that can transmit HIV inside the body include vaginal sex or penis in the vagina, anal sex or penis in the anus involving either men or women, and oral sex including mouth on the penis or vagina.

Other ways that HIV can be transmitted are sharing needles when shooting drugs, accidental needle sticks, home tattooing and body piercing, blood transfusions, childbirth, breast-feeding, and organ transplantation if the donor organ is HIV infected. You need to know that people with HIV infection don’t look sick and many of them don’t know if they are infected by HIV since they have not been tested. In order to avoid getting HIV, people can prevent the blood, semen, vaginal fluids, or breast milk of someone infected by HIV from entering your body through the mouth, vagina, anus, tip of your penis, or breaks in your skin.

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